People


Catholics
Jerome Bolsec
Marguerite D'Angouleme

Royalty
Frederick the Wise

Lutherans
Johannes Brenz
Johannes Bugenhagen
Wolfgang Capito
Argula von Grumbach
Martin Luther
Philipp Melanchthon
Andreas Osiander
Katharina Zell

Reformed
Theodore Beza
Martin Bucer
Heinrich Bullinger
John Calvin
Marie Dentiere
Berchtold Haller
John Hooper
Jeanne of Navarre
Joachim Vadian
Peter Martyr Vermigli
Ulrich Zwingli
Diet of Speyer Statue

Statue at the Reformation Monument in Worms that symbolizes the Diet of Speyer in 1529. Notice the hand raised in protest.

The Magisterial Reformation

Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli and John Calvin are considered Magisterial Reformers because their reform movements were supported by magistrates or ruling authorities. Frederick the Wise not only supported Luther, who was a professor at the university he founded, but also protected him by hiding Luther in Wartburg Castle in Eisenach. Zwingli and Calvin were supported by the city councils in Zurich and Geneva. The Reformed tradition was founded by Zwingli and Calvin, whereas the Lutheran Church was the product of Martin Lutherís reform.

Since the term 'magister' also means 'teacher,' the Magisterial Reformation is also characterized by an emphasis on the authority of a teacher. This is made evident in the prominance of Luther, Calvin, and Zwingli as leaders of the reform movements in their respective areas of ministry. Because of their authority, they were often criticized by Radical Reformers as being too much like the Roman Popes. For example, Radical Reformer Andreas von Bodenstein Karlstadt referred to the Wittenberg theologians as the 'new papists.'